FMCSA Says These 10 Crash Types Could Be “Not Preventable”
Washington D.C. – The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is making its Crash Preventability Determination Program (CPDP) permanent and allowing ten different crash types to be eligible for review.
According to a notice filed last week, the Agency says the success of the CPDP warrants its permanent adoption.
Why Was the CPDP Started?
Since its implementation in 2010, FMCSA’s Safety Measurement System (SMS) has used safety performance information in the Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs), in addition to recordable crashes involving commercial motor vehicles (CMVs), to prioritize carriers for safety interventions.
The Crash Indicator BASIC uses crashes from the previous 24 months to calculate percentiles for motor carriers.
In addition, the public SMS website lists motor carriers’ recordable crashes.
Although the Crash Indicator BASIC percentiles have never been publicly available, stakeholders have expressed concern that the use of all crashes in SMS, without an indication of preventability, may give an inaccurate impression about the risk posed by the company.
In response to those concerns, the Agency, in 2017, proposed to modify the SMS to exclude crashes with not preventable determinations and proposed noting the not preventable determinations in the Pre-Employment Screening Program.
The way it works is motor carriers and drivers submit “eligible crashes” for preventability determinations through FMCSA’s DataQs system.
FMCSA reviews the data and removes crashes from the SMS prioritization algorithm that are determined to be “not preventable” by the motor carrier or driver.
FMCSA also notes the “not preventable” determinations in the driver’s Pre-Employment Screening Program (PSP) record and will note not preventable, preventable, and undecided determinations in the motor carrier’s list of crashes on the public SMS website.
Initially, the CPDP allowed for eight different crash types to be eligible for “not preventability” consideration.
However, it has since added two more.
10 Crash Types FMCSA Says Could Be “Not Preventable”
1) Struck in the Rear type of crash when the CMV was struck: in the rear or on the side at the rear.
2) Wrong Direction or Illegal Turns type of crash when the CMV was struck: by a motorist driving in the wrong direction; or by another motorist in a crash when a driver was operating in the wrong direction; or by a vehicle that was making a U-turn or illegal turn.
3) Parked or Legally Stopped type of crash when the CMV was struck: while legally stopped at a traffic control device (e.g., stop sign, red light or yield); or while parked, including while the vehicle was unattended.
4) Failure of the other vehicle to Stop type of crash when the CMV was struck: by a vehicle that did not stop or slow in traffic; or by a vehicle that failed to stop at a traffic control device.
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5) Under the Influence type of crash when the CMV was struck: by an individual under the influence (or related violation, such as operating while intoxicated), according to the legal standard of the jurisdiction where the crash occurred; where the individual was charged or arrested, failed a field sobriety or other test, or refused to test; or by another motorist in a crash where an individual was under the influence (or related violation such as operating while intoxicated), according to the legal standard of the jurisdiction where the crash occurred where the individual was charged or arrested, failed a field sobriety test or other tests, or refused to test.
6) Medical Issues, Falling Asleep or Distracted Driving type of crash when the CMV was struck: by a driver who experienced a medical issue which contributed to the crash; or by a driver who admitted falling asleep or admitted distracted driving (e.g., cellphone, GPS, passengers, other).
7) Cargo/Equipment/Debris or Infrastructure Failure type of crash when the CMV: was struck by cargo, equipment or debris (e.g., fallen rock, fallen trees, unidentifiable items in the road); or crash was a result of an infrastructure failure.
8) Animal Strike type of crash when the CMV: struck an animal.
9) Suicide type of crash when the CMV: struck an individual committing or attempting to commit suicide.
10) Rare or Unusual type of crash when the CMV: was involved in a crash type that seldom occurs and does not meet another eligible crash type (e.g., being struck by an airplane or skydiver or being struck by a deceased driver).